Environment and English 1 year syllabus
Ignou provided Bscg 1st year syllabus for BSCG students. Here we provide you complete Syllabus for Environment (BEVAE-181) and English(BEGAE-182). You can download these syllabi in pdf.
|Course Code||Syllabus Download|
Environment complete 1st year
|English complete 1st year||Download PDF|
Earth is the only known planet in the solar system that supports life. Despite the vastness of the earth, life exists only in a very thin layer enveloping the earth called the biosphere. Sun is the only source of energy that enables continuous interaction among various life forms. For a long period of time, there has been a symbiotic relationship between human beings and nature. Due to excessive human interference and unsustainable practices, millions of people’s lives and livelihoods and other living organisms on the earth are at risk. These environmental issues have now become common problems and shared responsibility of each individual on the earth to act judiciously to reverse these negative impacts. Therefore, there has been a growing need to create awareness amongst all the stakeholders. Keeping this in view, Environmental Study is being introduced as a compulsory course for all the learners at under-Graduate level.
Our Environment: Concept of the environment; Different components of environment and their relationship; Human-environment relationship: the concept of Sustainability and Sustainable development; Multidisciplinary nature of the environmental studies, its scope and importance.
Ecosystems: What is an ecosystem? (Concept of an ecosystem, Components of ecosystem-producer consumers, decomposers); Structure and function of the ecosystem; Energy flow in ecosystem: trophic levels, food chains, food web, and ecological pyramid; Ecological succession.
Major Ecosystems: Forest, grassland, desert, and aquatic ecosystems: Case studies.
Land and Water: Renewable and non-renewable resources; Land as a resource; Land-use change; Land degradation; Soil erosion and desertification; Conservation and management of land resources: Case studies. Water as a resource; Over-exploitation of surface and groundwater; Floods and droughts; International and inter-state conflict over water; Conservation and Management of water resource: Case studies.
Forest Resources: Forest as a resource; Deforestation and its Causes; Impact of mining and dam building on the environment, forest, biodiversity and tribal populations; Conservation and management of forest resources: Case studies.
Biodiversity: Value And Services: Levels of biodiversity: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Bio-geographic zones of India; Biodiversity patterns and global biodiversity hot spots; India as a mega-biodiversity nation; Endangered and endemic species of India; Ecosystem and biodiversity services: ecological, economic, social ethical, aesthetic informational value.
Energy Resources: Renewable and non-renewable energy sources; uses of alternate energy sources; growing energy needs; conservation and management of energy resources: Case studies.
Unit 8: Biodiversity: Threats and Conservation: Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, Human-wildlife conflicts in Indian context, biological invasions; Conservation of biodiversity: In situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
Environmental Pollution and Hazard: Definitions; Types, causes, effects and controls of: air, water, soil and noise pollution; Nuclear Hazard. Hazard and Pollution Case Studies (human health risks).
Waste Management: Solid waste management: Control measures of urban and industrial waste. Case Studies.
Global Environmental Issues: Global warming, climate change, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, and their impact.
Environmental Legislation: Environment Protection Act; Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act; Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act; Wildlife Protection Act; Forest Conservation Act, International Agreements: Montreal protocols and conventional on Biological Diversity (CBD).
Human Communities and Environment: Human population growth: Impacts on environment, human health and welfare; Resettlement and rehabilitation of project-affected person case studies. Disaster Management; Natural Disasters: Floods, earthquakes, cyclones, and landslides.
Environmental Ethics: Role of Indian and other religions and cultures in environmental conservation. Environmental communication and public awareness, case studies.
TMA-Based on Field Work- Report of being submitted – 5 hours
Visit to an area to document environmental assets: river/forest/ flora/ fauna etc.
Visit to a local polluted site- Urban/ Rural / Industrial/ Agricultural
Study of common plants, insects, birds and basic principles of identification
Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, Delhi Ridge, etc.
English Communication Skills is of 4 credits and has 3 Blocks and 11 Units. Communication involves both verbal and non-verbal communication. In this Course we give you an understanding of the communication process, the barriers to it, the skills involved in communication i.e. listening, speaking, reading and writing in both formal and informal contexts. We discuss the differences between spoken and written forms of the language and make you sensitive to conversational skills which include to a large extent body language.