Distance Learning System in IGNOU

Distance Learning System in IGNOU : The Distance Education Council (DEC) is an apex body for the Open and Distance Learning (ODL) system in the country. It is empowered, under Statute 28 of the IGNOU Act, to act as an apex body for the ODL system. It is responsible for promotion, coordination and maintenance of standards of the ODL system.

Distance Learning System in IGNOU Procedure:

The Vice Chancellor of IGNOU is the ex-officio Chairperson of DEC. Presently, there are: one National Open University (IGNOU), thirteen state open universities (SOUs) and more than 200 Distance Education Institutes (DEIs) functioning under conventional universities and private/autonomous institutions that come under its purview.

Distance Learning System in IGNOU is to to ensure the quality of education and to assure the standard of degree/diploma earned through distance mode of education.
A: Evaluation of self-instructional materials in terms of the following objectives :
The learning materials used in Distance Education are usually prepared in the self-instructional format.  The Self-Instructional Materials (SIMs) differ from a chapter of a textbook or an article of a journal.  The chapters of a textbook usually present information in a very compact form. 
They are closer to reference material than to learning texts.  They are organised in terms of the subject matter to aid the teacher in an institution.  On the other hand, SIMs are the instruments for learning.  Learner Centredness (LC) of the distance mode requires development of self-learning qualities and skills of learner through various learning processes.  Hence the SIMs should have some basic characteristics as given below.  It should be:
    i   Self-explanatory
    ii.     Self-contained
    iii.     Self-directed
    iv.     Self-motivating
    v.     Self-evaluating
    vi.     Self-learning
B: Institutional requirements :
1. Faculty
The distance education institutions require two types of faculty; one – full-time faculty and two – part-time faculty.  The full-time faculty is of two types, again
    (i) full-time core faculty on a permanent basis to maintain and coordinate the essential functions
    (ii) full-time contractual staff for job-specific requirements.
Part-time faculty may be used for development and delivery of instructional materials, and other related academic activities.
2. Self-Instructional Material
    Self-instructional material is different than Text-Books.  High quality SIM is essential.  As far as possible SIM must be supported by A/V material.
3. Physical Facilities and Equipment
    An institution should have requisite infrastructure facilities at                     a) headquarters and b) support service centres.
4.  Library
    Every distance education institution should have a well equipped library at headquarters with good collections of books, journals/periodicals, audio, video tapes and other electronic media learning materials to serve the need of staff and learners.
5. Computer Facilities
    In view of the large number of learners per programme, the institutions should plan computerisation and use of technology from the beginning.  The number of computers required may vary from institution to institution depending upon the activities undertaken.
6. Access to ICT networks for Programme Delivery.

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